Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 60 - ? m (Ref. 2683). Tropical; 21°N - 20°S, 26°W - 14°E (Ref. 55)
Eastern Atlantic: primarily between Senegal and Nigeria, and in the Gulf of Guinea; also Cape Verde (Ref. 55), Fernando Poo and others (Ref. 10795).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55)
soft rays: 8. Head blunt, snout short, much shorter than eye diameter. Eye very large. Preorbital bone narrow, its width less than half of the eye diameter. Maxilla extending to about mid-eye level. Preopercular notch and knob weak. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Scale rows in cheek 5. Back and sides vivid pink; silvery white on lower sides and belly; with horizontal golden bands, one per scale row.
Adults occur on rocky bottoms (Ref. 2683). Also found in deeper offshore waters. Feed on fishes and crustaceans.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.1 - 17.3, mean 16.4 °C (based on 21 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00729 - 0.01984), b=2.99 (2.86 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 77 [32, 141] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.414 [0.239, 0.791] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.6, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.253 [0.150, 0.418] g/100g ; Selenium = 139 [74, 259] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 40.9 [8.4, 158.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.441 [0.285, 0.757] mg/100g (wet weight);