Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: zayanensis: The species name zayanensis has been selected because it is mainly distributed around Middle Atlas region, in the area inhabited by the Zayanes shepherds (Ref. 107618).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Africa: Oum er Rbia River basin in Morocco (Ref. 107618).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 107618)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 41 - 43. Diagnosis: This species differs from other species of Luciobarbus by the following combination of characters: 49-53 scales along the lateral line, 8.5-9.5 scales above lateral line, and 5.5-7.5 scales below lateral line; the last single ray of the dorsal fin is strongly ossified with a maximum width of 12-14.5% of its length; the last single dorsal fin ray is densely denticulate along its length and, in adults, the number of denticulations is maller than 23; the skull is narrow, with the width of the ethmoid bone smaller than its length; the inter-orbital distance is 1.2-1.9 times eye diameter; the pharyngeal teeth formula in adults is 4.3.2; the number of vertebrae is 41-43; large deep caudal peduncle 2.1-2.6% of anal peduncle length; and lachrymal bone with narrow posterior segment, a manubrium (Ref. 107618).
Found in riffle areas in headwaters of large rivers (Ref. 107618). Spawning takes place from late April to early May (Ref. 107618).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Doadrio, I., M. Casal-López, S. Perea and A. Yahyaoui, 2016. Taxonomy of rheophilic Luciobarbus Heckel, 1842 (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) from Morocco with the description of two new species. Graellsia 72(1,e039):1-17. (Ref. 107618)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00303 - 0.01197), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .