Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Lepophidium: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335). More on author: Robins.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 27 - 165 m (Ref. 91765). Tropical; 21°N - 2°N, 97°W - 49°W (Ref. 91765)
Western Atlantic: along the northern coast of South America from Colombia to Cabo Orange, Brazil (north of the mouth of the Amazon); including Gulf of Campeche, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, shelf area from northern Puerto Rico to the US Virgin Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91765); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 104 - 112;
Vertebrae: 69 - 72. This species is characterized by the following: usual number of vertebrae, precaudal 15 (14), caudal 56-57 (54-58), total 71-72 (69-72); fin rays, dorsal 127-130 (125-133), anal 106-108 (104-112) pectoral 20-21 (22); pyloric caeca usually 3 (1-4), most often with 2 in one tier and 1 in second, when 4, they are 3+1; first gill arch with rudimentary rakers 2 on the upper arm, 4 (rarely 5) developed rakers on the lower limb, usually 2 (1-3) rudimentary rakers anteriorly on the first arch; total rakers usually 8-9; dorsal-fin origin between neural spines 2-3 (18 specimens) or 3-4 (11 specimens), in most instances is almost directly over neural spine 3 (Ref. 91765).
Common species (Ref. 34024). Found on the continental shelf, on soft bottom (Ref. 5217). Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.H. Robins and M.E. Brown, 2012. A revision of Lepophidium (Teleoastei, Ophidiidae), with descriptions of eight new species. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 52(1):1-94. (Ref. 91765)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.7 - 27.1, mean 25.6 (based on 64 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00269 (0.00128 - 0.00567), b=3.16 (2.98 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .