Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Pimelodidae
Etymology: Leiarius: Greek, leios = smooth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 5.8 - 7.2; dH range: ? - 15; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468)
South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54668); max. published weight: 12.0 kg (Ref. 54668)
Inhabits riverbeds, deep wells and lakes (Ref. 54668). Young or sub-adults form large schools (Ref. 54668). Prefers to lay over rock and tree trunks during the day, being more active at sunrise, sunset and night (Ref. 54668). Can reach a little more than 100 cm length (Ref. 54668).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lundberg, J.G. and M.W. Littmann, 2003. Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes). p. 432-446. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36506)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00265 - 0.01195), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .