Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Idiacanthinae
Etymology: Idiacanthus: Greek, idia = own privative + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335); antrostomus: antrostomus meaning cavern mouth (Ref. 4525). More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 1103 m (Ref. 58018). Deep-water; 42°N -
Eastern Pacific: throughout most of the tropic and temperate waters, both north and south of the equator.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4525); 38.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Mesopelagic species (Ref. 559). Migrates to the surface at night and return to the depths at dawn. Feed mainly on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 4525). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35926). Exhibit extreme sexual dimorphism, with larvoid males (Ref. 35926).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1 - 22.5, mean 11.7 (based on 216 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 2.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .