Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinidae
(Silversides) > Atherinomorinae
Etymology: Hypoatherina: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 (Ref. 45335); macrophthalma: Named for its large eyes; 'macrophthalma' Greek for large eye.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 3 m (Ref. 92295), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific, from Vietnam, Thailand (Gulf of Thailand), Papua New Guinea, and Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92295)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 7 - 9;
soft rays: 10 - 11;
Vertebrae: 38 - 41. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: premaxillary ascending process is long and somewhat narrow, widest point at proximal half; posterior part of maxilla almost straight, not slanting down, with angular upper posterior corner; palatines toothless; anus positioned slightly anterior to pelvic-fin tip (including holotype) or just at the tip (rarely); head length 28-31% SL; upper jaw length 10-11% SL; eye diameter 11-12% SL; postorbital length of head 10-12% SL; distance from snout to pectoral fin tip 45-49% SL; midlateral band is almost straight (Ref. 92295).
Collected with a stick held dip net (Ref. 92295).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Sasaki, D. and S. Kimura, 2013. Two new silversides, Hypoatherina celebesensis and Hypoatherina macrophthalma, from the western Pacific (Atheriniformes: Atherinidae). Ichthyol. Res. 59:347-353. (Ref. 92295)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.4 - 29.3, mean 28.9 °C (based on 924 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00244 - 0.01296), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .