Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Herklotsichthys: After Janus Adrian Herklots, Australian ichthyologist, 1820-1872.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Subtropical; 31°N - 24°N, 47°E - 57°E (Ref. 188)
Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf, possibly also the Red Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); common length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 12 - 23. Closely resembles H. punctatus in shape, but the latter lacks a dark blotch on the dorsal fin and has small dark spots along the back and not on the flank. Distinguished from H. spilurus by its more slender body and spots along the flank. Possibly overlaps range of H. quadrimaculatus, which lacks spots on the flank and has elongate wing-like scales underneath paired pre-dorsal scales.
A schooling species found in coastal waters. Coastal pelagic (Ref. 68964).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.5 - 27.6, mean 26.5 °C (based on 82 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00433 - 0.01920), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 317 [142, 653] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.43 [1.95, 5.68] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.8 [18.7, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.903 [0.505, 1.688] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.7 [8.5, 38.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 24 [9, 62] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.89, 2.07] mg/100g (wet weight);