Teleostei (teleosts) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Davis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 19 m (Ref. 7251). Subtropical; 41°N - 16°N, 98°W - 64°W
Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA and Bermuda to southern Florida, USA and eastern Gulf of Mexico (to Mississippi River Delta). Reported from Cuba and Belize (Ref. 26340).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Abundant in seagrass beds and banks; rarely in bays and not occurring on coral reefs.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 35581).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.4 - 28, mean 26.5 °C (based on 298 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00047 (0.00025 - 0.00089), b=3.28 (3.13 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 72.2 [42.4, 151.8] mg/100g; Iron = 0.943 [0.525, 1.648] mg/100g; Protein = 18.8 [16.6, 21.2] %; Omega3 = 0.256 [0.113, 0.657] g/100g; Selenium = 22.6 [11.8, 52.5] μg/100g; VitaminA = 12.7 [3.6, 45.4] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.679 [0.482, 0.974] mg/100g (wet weight);