Teleostei (teleosts) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335); davidsmithi: Named for David G. Smith, for his contributions to the understanding of anguilliform fishes..
More on authors: McCosker & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 3 - 35 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
East Indian Ocean: Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83560)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 156. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body elongate, slender brown with spots on head and anterior throat region; anal fin has a pale margin; anus is before midbody; preanal length 2.15 in TL; depth at gill opening 33 in TL; head 10.7 in TL; middle of orbit is above the middle of jaw; jaws are moderate, not recurved; conical teeth, mostly uniserial; jaw teeth numerous and closely spaced; body color uniformly tan overlain with white spots and markings on throat, forehead, cheeks, nape and anterior branchial basket; MVF 4-64-156 (Ref. 83560).
Collected over dark, silty sand (Ref. 83560). Found in mud bottoms of coastal bays in 3-35 m (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McCosker, J.E. and J.E. Randall, 2008. A new species of Indo-Pacific moray eel (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae) from Indonesia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 59(16):711-714. (Ref. 83560)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00047 (0.00025 - 0.00089), b=3.28 (3.13 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).