Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Geophagus: Greek, gea = the earth + Greek, phagein = to eat (Ref. 45335); rufomarginatus: Name from Latin 'marginatus' for edge, border, or margin and 'rufo' for red; referring to the colour pattern in life of the dorsal-fin lappets.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.4 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 119412)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from all other species of G. brasiliensis group by the following set of characters: dorsal-fin lappets with red edges (vs. grey or dark brown); with longitudinal series of small light blue spots between anal-fin spines and rays (vs. never
this pattern); non-denticulated gill-rakers (vs. denticulated); further distinguished from all other
species of the group, except G. obscurus, G. santosi, by having an oblique iridescent blue zone between the humeral region and the anterior portion of the dorsal-fin base (vs. absent); differs from G. diamantinensis by the absence of a dark brown mark on the humeral region (vs. presence), with iridescent blue to green spots on the opercular region (vs. whole opercular region golden), no horizontal dark brown band on the snout (vs. presence) (Ref. 119412).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mattos, J.L. and W.J.E.M. Costa, 2018. Three new species of the 'Geophagus' brasiliensis species group from the northeast Brazil (Cichlidae, Geophagini). OrinoZoosyst. Evol. 94(2):325-337. (Ref. 119412)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02399 (0.01032 - 0.05579), b=3.01 (2.80 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .