Family Rhinopteridae - Cownose rays
  Order
:
Rhinopteridae
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 1 | Species : 7 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
  Aquarium
:
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: benthopelagic on continental shelves and near offshore islands, as well as in bays and estuaries. Morphology: Medium to large-sized rays (adult 90 cm to 1.7 m DW); disc broad and rhomboidal, ‘wing’like’, much wider than long; head distinct and narrow, protruding forward anteriorly well beyond eye level; snout strongly indented anterioryly with 2 large, fleshy cephalic-fin lobes in front of a fringed nasal curtain; trunk broad, depressed and thick; eyes and spiracles positioned laterally on head; mouth located ventrally and almost as broad as head, with plate-like teeth usually in 7 (rarely 5 ot 6) or more rows in each jaw; pectoral fins originate below spiracles; tail filamentous distally and without a caudal fin, normally longer than the disc (although undamaged tail length varies among species); small dorsal fin followed by one or more short serrated spines located near tail base; skin smooth or finely granular, no thorns nor enlarged denticles; the species under this family are so morphologically similar that it is difficult to distinguish one from another (Ref. 114953). Diet: opportunistic generalist feeders able to use suction to ingest small prey or crush hard-bodied shellfishes using their strong tooth plates. Reproduction: Viviparous but no placental connection between mother and young; most species produce a single young per pregnancy. Uses: Often occur in large aggregations that they tend to be caught in batches and appear irregularly in fish market. Caught as bycatch in tropical net fisheries and in some areas are used for human consumption. Survive well in captivity and considered as prized exhibiles in many large aquaria and oceanaria.
  Etymology
:
  Reproductive guild
:
  Typical activity level
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  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

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Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Rhinopteridae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Rhinoptera marginata (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
acceptedseniornew
Myliobatis marginata Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinoptera peli Bleeker, 1863
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Rhinoptera bonasus (Mitchill, 1815)
acceptedseniornew
Raja bonasus Mitchill, 1815
synonymseniororiginal
Raja quadriloba Lesueur, 1817
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Rhinoptera quadriloba (Lesueur, 1817)
ambiguousquestionablenew
Rhinoptera lalandii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhinoptera affinis Bleeker, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhinoptera javanica (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Rhinoptera javanica Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinopthera javanica Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinoptera adspersa Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann & Jenkins, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal
Rhinoptera jayakari Boulenger, 1895
acceptedseniororiginal
Rhinoptera sewelli Misra, 1947
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Rhinoptera neglecta Ogilby, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal
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