Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Pimelodidae
Etymology: Exallodontus: Name from Greek 'exallos' for quite different and 'odontos' for tooth; referring to the unique form of the teeth.; aguanai: Named for Sr. Leonidas Aguana of the Instituto de Zoologia Tropical Universidad Central de Venezuela.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 20 - 30 m (Ref. 58018), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36506)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11 - 14;
Vertebrae: 46 - 50. Distinguished by having 2-3 rows of heavy, firmly attached conical teeth on premaxillae and dentaries; lacrimal (= infraorbital 1+2) shaped as an obtuse-angled triangle with nearly straight sides; relatively long, nearly straight-margined adipose fin (its length 2.0-2.5 in SL); short dorsal fin spine, low dorsal fin (spine length 5.6-8.6 in SL); relatively small head (head length 4.0-5.2 times in SL); small eye (horizontal diameter 3.4-5.5 times in snout length, 7.4-12.0 times in head length); neural spines of vertebrae 13 or 14 - 23 or 24 oriented 90°to horizontal axis of centra; supraoccipital process with a narrow median keel above somewhat concave sides, markedly angular in cross-section, slender and tapering to its peg-and-socket joint with supraneural (basal width of supraoccipital process about 2 times in length); anterior anal-fin rays broad, forming a paddle-like blade; posterior nostril ovoid, its long axis oriented transversely (Ref. 57763).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lundberg, J.G., F. Mago-Leccia and P. Nass, 1991. Exallodontus aguanai, a new genus and species of Pimelodidae (Pisces: Siluriformes) from deep river channels of South America, and delimitation of the subfamily Pimelodinae. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 104 (4):840-869. (Ref. 57763)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00418 - 0.01991), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .