Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 400 - 800 m (Ref. 55584), usually 549 - 786 m (Ref. 31236). Deep-water
Western Central Atlantic: off northeastern Florida and the Straits of Florida (USA) south to the offings of Nicaragua, Hispaniola, and the northern Lesser Antilles. It has not been collected in the southern Caribbean Sea and only in the southernmost Gulf of Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 26 - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31236); 33.8 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Schofield, P.J. and G.H. Burgess, 1997. Etmopterus robinsi (Elasmobranchii, Etmopteridae), a new Caribbean species of deepwater lantern shark from the Caribbean Sea and western north Atlantic, with a redescription of Etmopterus hillianus. Bull. Mar. Sci. 60(3):1060-1073. (Ref. 31236)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6 - 12.7, mean 7.8 °C (based on 72 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00178 - 0.00811), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .