Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Esociformes
(Pikes and mudminnows) > Esocidae
Etymology: Esox: From Greek, isox and also related with the Celtic root, eog, ehawc = salmon (Ref. 45335); cisalpinus: The specific name flaviae is the female genitive of Flavia, the name of the first women of the Flavian Dynasty, which included the emperor Titus Flavius (both his mother and his sister were named Flavia), to whom Pliny dedicated his Naturalis Historia. Four books of Naturalis Historia are devoted to zoology and to an attempt of systematics and they became a reference for subsequent naturalistic books. We dedicate the new species to the same person, to underline the 'latin' origin of the species. Moreover, we propose the vernacular name of southern pike for the new species, to point out the different origin with respect to northern pike.
E. flaviae Lucentini et al., 2011 is probably a synonym of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Europe: Central and northern Italy; potentially present in other European water bodies in the Mediterranean area as those on the NE shores of the Adriatic and in
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 30 - ? cm
Max length : 103 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114988); max. reported age: 13 years (Ref. 88849)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bianco, P.G. and G.B. Delmastro, 2011. Recenti novità tassonomiche riguardanti i pesci d’acqua dolce autoctoni in Italia e descrizione di una nuova specie di luccio. Researches on Wildlife Conservation 2 (suppl.):1-13. (Ref. 88116)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5157 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00393 - 0.01013), b=3.03 (2.90 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=13).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (59 of 100) .