Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Synaphobranchidae
(Cutthroat eels) > Ilyophinae
Etymology: Dysomma: Greek, dys, dyo = two + Greek, omma = eye.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Northwestern Pacific. Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106136)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 131 - 138. This species is distinguished by the following characters: presence of pectoral fin; dorsal-fin origin above middle of pectoral fin, predorsal length 11.5-15.0% TL; the lower jaw is longer than upper jaw, slightly curved and not appressed to upper jaw when mouth closed; anus anterior, below pectoral fin, preanal length 15.4-17.3% TL; trunk is very short, trunk length 3.0-5.3% TL; no intermaxillary teeth; multiple rows of teeth on upper jaw, those on innermost row about twice the size of the rest; 5 or 6 (mainly 5) compound teeth on vomer; multiple rows of teeth on lower jaw, the innermost row about twice the size of the rest; head pores: IO 4, SO 3, M 7 (1 with 8), POP 0, AD 1, F 0, ST 0. Lateral-line pores very large, predorsal 10-13, prepectoral 8-11, preanal11-17, total pores 107-117, the last to 1/2 HL before the caudal-fin base. MVF 13-14-135, total vertebrae 131-138; colour of body uniformly light pinkish to grayish with numerous melanophores, posterior margin of anal fin and caudal fin black (Ref. 106136).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chen, Y.-Y. and H.-K. Mok, 2001. A new synaphobranchid eel, Dysomma longirostrum (Anguilliformes: Synaphobranchidae), from the northeastern coast of Taiwan. Zool. Stud. 40(2):79-83. (Ref. 39632)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .