Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Anabantidae
Etymology: Ctenopoma: Greek, kteis, ktenos = comb + Greek, poma, -atos = cover (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 20. Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 13371)
Africa: known from the White Nile River basin (Ref. 7393, 79609) and tributaries of Lakes Victoria (Ref. 4903, 7393, 34290), Edward (Ref. 56140, 79609), Tanganyika (Ref. 7393, 45485), George and Albert (Ref. 7393). Present in Rusizi (Ref. 87863) and Malagarazi (Ref. 54847) Rivers. Also reported from the upper Congo River basin in the upper Lualaba River (Ref. 79606), Bangweulu swamps and Luombwa River (Ref. 42135).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7393); 7.0 cm SL (female)
Inhabits both temporary and permanent streams and swamps (Ref. 4903). Feeds on insect larvae and crustacea (Ref. 4903, 12526). Juveniles are found in interstitial pools in papyrus. Browses on plant tissues with ostracods, dipteran larvae, beetles, mollusks and debris (Ref. 28714).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Produces 10-30 eggs during night time.
Norris, S.M., 1992. Anabantidae. p. 837-847. In C. Levêque, D. Paugy, and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest Tome 2. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° 28. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique and O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, France, 902. (Ref. 7393)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00206 - 0.01276), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 464 [190, 994] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.7 [0.9, 3.3] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.8 [15.1, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.242 [0.076, 0.695] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.8 [14.0, 93.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 126 [39, 454] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.47 [2.01, 6.13] mg/100g (wet weight);