Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Callichthyidae
(Callichthyid armored catfishes) > Corydoradinae
Etymology: Corydoras: Greek, kory = helmet + greek, doras = skin (Ref. 45335); gryphus: From the Latin, the specific name gryphus means griffon, mythical creature with a lion body and a head and wings of a hawk or eagle, in reference to the conspicuous elongation of pectoral-fin spine and its first branched ray, like a wing in male specimens. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: Lower rio Paraná in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95506)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 23. This species can be diagnosed from all other congeners by a conspicuously reduction on posterior laminar expansion of infraorbital 2, almost absent in some specimens (vs. infraorbital 2 with moderate- or well-developed posterior laminar expansion). This can be distinguished from other species of Corydoras, except C. longipinnis and C. tukano, by exhibiting uncommon sexual dimorphic condition, with the conspicuous elongation of the first and second branched dorsal-fin rays in males surpassing dorsal-fin spine distal tip, with size similar to the total length of the spine (vs. dorsal fin not sexually dimorphic with respect to its length; or elongation of dorsal-fin elements (when present) not associated with sexual dimorphism; or dorsal fin, if sexually dimorphic, with first and second dorsal-fin branched rays slightly surpassing dorsal-spine distal tip). This can be differentiated from C. longipinnis and C. tukano by having four to six irregular black or brownish blotches on the midline of the flank (vs. midline of the flank with three large black rounded blotches in C. longipinnis; two very large black rounded blotches in C. tukano); and from C. longipinnis by having the mesethmoid not visible, entirely covered by a thick layer of skin (vs. visible, posterior portion of mesethmoid covered by a very thin epidermal layer) (Ref. 95506).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tencatt, L.F.C., M.R. Britto and C.S. Pavanelli, 2014. A new long-finned Corydoras Lacépède, 1803 (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) from the lower rio Paraná basin, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 12(1):71-79. (Ref. 95506)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .