Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pseudochromidae
(Dottybacks) > Congrogadinae
Etymology: Congrogadus: Latin, conger = conger + Latin, gadus = a fish, perhaps cod (Ref. 45335). More on author: Weber.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical; 5°S - 12°S
Western Pacific: presently known only from Aru Islands, Indonesia and Torres Strait, Australia; also known from Papua New Guinea (Ref. 6192).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 531)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 49 - 53;
Vertebrae: 64 - 68. Opercle with a dark ocellated spot. Gill membranes fused to the isthmus. No posterior otic sensory pore; preopercular pores 7; one posterior interorbital pore. Scaled cheek; variable number of scales dorsally on opercle. A short dark bar running posteroventrally from eye to opercular ocellus. Spots arranged in 5-6 irregular rows.
Feeds mainly on crustaceans. Eggs with cruciform hooks on the surface. Inhabits coral reefs among crevices (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Winterbottom, R., 1985. Revision and vicariance biogeography of the subfamily Congrogadidae (Pisces: Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Indo-Pac. Fish. (9):34 p. (Ref. 531)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .