Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: ? - 15; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 26°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)
South America: Pacific drainages from the Esmeraldas River in Ecuador to Tumbes River in Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)
In various biotopes, from small to medium-sized rivers. Occasionally found in fish markets. Feeds on benthic organisms such as small shrimps (Ref. 40602).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Max. 3000 eggs.
Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00706 - 0.03245), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 280 [69, 712] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.34 [0.87, 5.91] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.8, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.364 [0.140, 0.994] g/100g ; Selenium = 51.5 [24.1, 107.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 52.4 [15.9, 133.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 4.32 [1.37, 8.95] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.