Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Pseudochondrostoma: Name refers to its morphological similarity with the genus Chondrostoma
as a consequence of homoplasy in multiple traits.. More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 44°N - 36°N, 8°W - 2°W
Europe: Portugal and Spain in Guadiana, Odiel, Guadalquivir and smaller drainages, eastward until Malaga. In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); 20.0 cm TL (female)
Diagnosed from its congeners by having the following characters: slightly arched lower jaw edge; 56-71 + 3-4 scales on lateral line; anal fin with 9-10½ branched rays; 26-35 gill rakers; usually 7-6 pharyngeal teeth; and caudal peduncle depth 2.2-2.4 times in its length (Ref. 59043).
Found in the middle stretches of rivers, in areas with current and also frequently in still water. Occurs in groups, especially during pre-reproduction migration (Ref. 59043). A long-lived species which also inhabits water bodies on low plains (Ref. 26100). Feeds on invertebrates, plants and detritus (Ref. 59043). Spawning takes place in April. Threatened due to pollution and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100). Max. length (Alejandro Ramos, pers. comm., 2002).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.20 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .