Teleostei (teleosts) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Carangoides: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 37816). Tropical; 30°N - 23°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Seychelles; Ryukyu Islands, Indonesia, the Philippines, Australia, Papua New Guinea, Ponape [=Pohnpei], Fiji, Tonga and the Marshall Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3197); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9137)
Adults occur in shallow water along edges of steep outer reef and lagoon slopes. Found singly or in groups (Ref. 9710). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 128797.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 22.2 - 28.5, mean 27.1 °C (based on 1110 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00733 - 0.03589), b=2.95 (2.78 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 31.2 [20.2, 64.5] mg/100g; Iron = 1.2 [0.6, 2.3] mg/100g; Protein = 20.1 [17.5, 22.2] %; Omega3 = 0.192 [0.115, 0.342] g/100g; Selenium = 12.2 [5.9, 24.9] μg/100g; VitaminA = 54.1 [10.0, 308.3] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.684 [0.379, 1.517] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.