Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Callionymiformes
(Dragonets) > Callionymidae
Etymology: Callionymus: Greek, kallion, comparative of kallos = beautiful + Greek, onyma = name; with a better name . More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 45 - 650 m (Ref. 5968). Temperate; 65°N - 12°N, 25°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: southern and western Iceland and Norway south to Senegal. Also in the Mediterranean, including the Adriatic and Aegean but not in the Black Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106276)
Gill cover with four spines. Diameter of eye slightly longer than the snout length. First dorsal fin in males slightly taller than the second dorsal fin. Four longitudinal spots in dorsal fin of male, two in female (Ref. 35388).
Benthic on sandy bottoms. Feeds on small bottom invertebrates mainly worms, snails and crustaceans. Eggs and larvae pelagic (Ref. 5968).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fricke, R., 1986. Callionymidae. p. 1086-1093. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 5968)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.7 - 13, mean 8.6 °C (based on 245 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00751 - 0.01214), b=2.75 (2.70 - 2.80), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 90.4 [46.7, 165.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.396 [0.245, 0.674] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.4, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.476 [0.274, 0.850] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.2 [8.4, 36.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14 [5, 39] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.825 [0.574, 1.170] mg/100g (wet weight);