Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/).; ferox: Name from Latin 'ferox' meaning wild, bold, courageous, fierce; refers to the behaviour of the of the 'fighting fish' (Ref. 78499)
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78499)
soft rays: 24 - 26. This species is a member of the Betta pugnax group with the following characters: a comparatively deep-bodied species, body depth at dorsal-fin base 31.4-35.0 % of SL; differs from its congeners in having a head length of 30.0-33.6% of SL, caudal fin with transverse bars, presence of chin-bar and second postorbital stripe, A 26, lateral scales 29-31 (mode 30), lanceolate caudal fin, absence of a broad dark marginal band on anal or caudal fin (Ref. 78499).
The type locality was described as a small river with current (0.4 m/s); ground formed by
gravel and in parts by sand. The fighting fishes were found at the banks, slower current , between roots and plants (Araceae). Water data as described: pH 5.8-6.3, 30-52 µS/cm, 23.3-
24.2 °C. Type specimens in February 2005 with pH 6.3, electric conductivity 51 µS/cm and water-temperature 25.5 °C (Ref. 78499).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schindler, I. and J. Schmidt, 2006. Review of the mouthbrooding Betta (Teleostei, Osphronemidae) from Thailand, with descriptions of two new species. Zeitschrift für Fischkunde 8(1/2):47-69. (Ref. 78499)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .