Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: rivers draining to the southern shore of the Marmara Sea, Turkey: Nilüfer, Koca (= Kocasu; entering Lake Ulubat), Kocachay (entering Lake Manyas, a tributary of Koca or Susurluk River), Hanchay (a tributary of Gönen) and Narlıca Stream in İznik county (flowing to Lake Iznik).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80049)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 46 - 47. This species is distinguished from its congeners in Turkey and the Aegean basin by possessing a lower lip without median lobe (vs. present) and a longer and pointed snout. It is further distinct by having the following characters (none unique to the species): medium body size (up to 35.0 cm SL); specimens over 10.0 cm SL have large and many irregular dark brown spots on the back, as well as on the flanks, but none on the head; some smaller specimens lack the dark brown spots; fleshy lips; lower lip with no median lobe but with two small notches and a squarish fleshy median pad; lateral line scales 53-62; scale rows between the lateral line and the dorsal-fin origin 11-13 and between the lateral line and the anal-fin origin 7-9; gill rakers on the first gill arch 11-14 (modally 12); the last simple ray of the dorsal fin is moderately ossified, and with 30-34 serrae on the proximal ¾ of the posterior margin; body depth 18.8-24.1 % SL at dorsal-fin origin; head length 27.0-29.8 % SL (Ref. 80049).
Occurs in swift flowing water, with stone and pebble bottom and collected together with the following species: Alburnoides bipunctatus, Alburnus cf. carinatus, Barbus niluferensis, Rhodeus amarus, Squalius cii, Vimba vimba, Cobitis puncticulata, Cobitis fahirae, and Proterorhinus semilunaris (ref. 80049).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Turan, D., M. Kottelat and F. Güler Ekmekçi, 2009. Barbus niluferensis, a new species of barbel (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Nilüfer River, Turkey, with re-description of B. oligolepis. Zootaxa 1981:15-28. (Ref. 80049)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00614 - 0.01628), b=3.07 (2.93 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .