Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
(Icefishes) > Artedidraconidae
Etymology: Artedidraco: Petrus (Peter) Artedi, (10 Mar.) 1705-35 (28 Sep.), a son of a clergyman from Anundsjö named Olaus Arctaedius, in the northern part of Sweden.In 1729 he changed his name from Arctaedius to Arctædi, a name still later simplified to Artedi (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lönnberg.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 666 m (Ref. 5181), usually - m (Ref. ). Polar; 0°C - ; 60°S - 78°S
Southern Ocean: Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands, South Orkney Islands and East Antarctica (Ross Sea, South Victoria Land, MacRobertson Land, Weddell Sea, Queen Maud Land, Enderby Land, Wilkes Land, Graham Land).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124149); 10.3 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 15.40 g (Ref. 124149); max. published weight: 15.40 g
Sublittoral and on continental shelf from 5-666 m. Main food: amphipods and polychaetes (Ref. 5181).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eakin, R.R., 1990. Artedidraconidae. p. 332-356. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5181)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.8 - 0.6, mean -1 °C (based on 446 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00365 - 0.00908), b=3.09 (2.95 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .