Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Heckel & Kner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Europe: Lakes Skadar and Ohrid basins (Montenegro, Albania and Macedonia).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115170); max. published weight: 47.40 g (Ref. 115170); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Differs from its congeners in Adriatic basin by the following characters: origin of anal fin below or immediate behind base of last branched dorsal ray; scales on the lateral line 47-53 + 2; anal fin with 13-14½ branched rays; 17-22 gill rakes; ventral keel exposed for at least 2/3 of distance from anus to pelvic base; pectoral not reaching pelvic base; absence of faint dark lateral stripe in life (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits lakes and lake tributaries. Forms large schools. Feeds mainly on Cladocera and copepods. Breeds in lake shores or migrates to lake tributaries to spawn in shallow riffles. Deposits eggs on sand, gravel, and rock bottoms at about 0.3 m depth (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Deposits eggs on sand, gravel, and rock bottoms at about 0.3 m depth. Hatching occurs in about 4 days (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00372 - 0.01120), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .