Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Asia: Turkey in coastal streams of Thrace from Karasu (Marmara Sea drainage) to Papuç (Black Sea drainage), and Lake Sapanca.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from congeners in Aegean and Black Sea basin by the following characters: origin of anal fin about ½ -1½ scales behind dorsal fin base; lateral line with 57-63 + 3-4 scales; anal fin with 13-15½ branched rays (mode 14½ ); base of paired fin hyaline or grey in spawners; 24-35 gill rakes (mode 31); length of gill raker at angle of upper and lower limbs of first gill arch 30-55% of opposite inner gill filament; ventral keel exposed for 8-12 scales in front of anus; caudal peduncle depth 1.8-2.3 times in its length; and nuptial males with few, large tubercles (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in rivers and lakes. Forages in lower section of rivers, close to the surface. Undertakes migration to upper reaches of tributaries for spawning. Spawns in riffles with heavy current on gravel bottom (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00323 - 0.01483), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .