Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Decapterus: Greek, deka = ten + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 7 - 550 m (Ref. 47377), usually 150 - 220 m (Ref. 5217). Subtropical; 45°N - 55°S, 102°E - 41°E
Pacific Ocean: Japan, Indonesia (Ref. 3197), Australia and the Hawaiian Islands Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to North Carolina, USA to Venezuela (Ref. 7251). Also found in Brazil (Ref. 47377) and in Argentina (Ref. 2806). Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena Island (Ref. 7097). Indian Ocean: off Kenya (Ref. 3287) to off East London, South Africa (Ref. 11228).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 30.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3197); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 560.00 g (Ref. 3277)
soft rays: 24 - 25. This species is characterized by the following: D VIII+I,30-31+1; A II+I,24-25+1; lateral line scales, curved 61-71 and without scutes, straight 4-10 with 30-40 scutes, total 103-113; gill rakers 10-12 + 30-33; a single series of minute teeth on upper jaw; margin of opercular membrane minutely serrated; color blue to greenish above and slivery below; caudal fin red and tips of dorsal fin rays reddish; presence of a small, black opercular spot (Ref. 3197, 11228).
Adults occur in mid-water or near the bottom; also near the surface (Ref. 5217). They feed on smaller planktonic invertebrates, primarily copepods. Maximum depth recorded from Ref. 57551. Marketed fresh (Ref. 5217).
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.1 - 22.4, mean 16.6 (based on 271 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00842 - 0.01882), b=3.01 (2.89 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.32 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec=20,000-150,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .