Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Euthynnus: Greek, eu = good + Greek, thynnos = tunna (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 5227). Tropical; 39°N - 16°S, 128°W - 77°W (Ref. 168)
Eastern Pacific: off San Simeon, California, USA southward to the Galapagos Islands and northern Peru. Two stray specimens collected in the Hawaiian Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); common length : 60.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9340); max. published weight: 9.1 kg (Ref. 168)
(total): 10 - 15;
soft rays: 11 - 12;
Vertebrae: 37. Anterior spines of first dorsal fin much higher than those mid-way, giving the fin a strongly concave outline. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body naked except for corselet and lateral line. Swim bladder absent. A large rounded protuberances on 31st and 32nd vertebrae. Color is generally iridescent blue with black dorsal markings composed of 3 to 5 horizontal stripes. Also with variable black or dark gray spots above the pelvic fins. Occasionally with extensive longitudinal stripes of light gray on belly; some individuals have few or no belly markings.
Occurs rarely where surface temperatures fall below 23°C. Its larvae are more frequently encountered at temperatures above 26°C and are practically confined to waters within about 240 miles off the mainland. Inhabits near the surface of coastal waters and offshore waters (Ref. 11035). Form multi-species schools with Thunnus albacares and Katsuwonus pelamis. An opportunistic predator which shares feeding pattern with other tunas and probably compete for food with other species such as yellowfin tuna, common dolphin, oriental bonito, among others.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.3 - 28.6, mean 26 °C (based on 34 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00611 - 0.02260), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Very high vulnerability (88 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 37 [11, 181] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.67 [0.70, 4.54] mg/100g ; Protein = 22.9 [21.4, 24.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.334 [0.166, 0.699] g/100g ; Selenium = 66.7 [36.5, 132.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.1 [3.6, 61.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.67 [0.29, 2.53] mg/100g (wet weight);