Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Amphiliidae
(Loach catfishes) > Amphiliinae
Etymology: Amphilius: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, leios = fat. More on author: Pellegrin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; - 5°S
Africa: affluents of the Lualaba (upper Congo River basin), Rusizi and Lake Tanganyika in Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi (Ref. 87863), Rwanda (Ref. 87863) and Tanzania (Ref. 4967). Also reported from the upper Kagera drainage in Rwanda (Ref. 87863). Reports from the Lufira drainage (upper Congo basin) (Ref. 2970) not confirmed. Reports possibly from Lake Kivu (Ref. 59189, 83444) questionable and unconfirmed in Ref. 3818 or 107916.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3818)
Occurs in streams and small rivers (Ref. 87863) with rocky bottoms (Ref. 36901).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Skelton, P.H. and G.G. Teugels, 1986. Amphiliidae. p. 54-65. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3818)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00173 - 0.01152), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .