Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Grammicolepididae
(Grammicolepidids) > Grammicolepidinae
Etymology: Grammicolepis: Greek, grammikos = geometrically + Greek, lepis = scale (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 300 - 1026 m (Ref. 4517), usually 500 - 700 m (Ref. 52595). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 42°N - 37°S, 80°W - 154°W
Eastern Atlantic: Spain to the Gulf of Guinea and southward to Durban, South Africa. Western Atlantic: Georges Bank to off Suriname. North Pacific: Japan and Hawaii.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4255)
Found in deep midwater or near bottom (Ref. 6749); benthopelagic (Ref. 52595). Caught by bottom trawl, bottom lines and drift gill net (Ref. 87951).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Karrer, C., 1990. Grammicolepididae. p. 634-636. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4503)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6 - 12.3, mean 8.2 °C (based on 417 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.1250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00939 - 0.04240), b=2.91 (2.72 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.9 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax > 10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .