Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Notacanthiformes
(Halosaurs and deep-sea spiny eels) > Halosauridae
Etymology: Aldrovandia: Taken from Ulisse Aldrovandi, (1522-1605), a Renaissance naturalist and physician noted by his systematic and accurate observations of plants and animals (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 1200 - 1900 m (Ref. 4448). Deep-water; 37°N - 9°S, 74°W - 6°W
Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea region. Western Atlantic: off Virginia, USA to Bahamas, Venezuela and the Guianas. Eastern Central Pacific (Ref. 9305) and Chile (Ref. 9068).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4448)
(total): 9-10. Anus white, surrounded by dark field; body dark brown, head black (Ref. 13608).
Found at bathyal depths. Feeds on polychaetes. Males exhibits black tubular anterior nostrils and enlarged posterior nostrils when approaching breeding condition.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sulak, K.J., 1990. Halosauridae. p. 126-132. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4448)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.2 - 6.5, mean 4.3 °C (based on 37 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00087 (0.00034 - 0.00226), b=3.07 (2.84 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.26 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .