Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468)
Africa: endemic to Lake Bemin, Cameroon (Ref. 52307, 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81260)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 7 - 8. Diagnosis: lower pharyngeal jaw robust, with a large, heart-shaped dentigerous plate, covered with numerous fine, regularly arrayed teeth; mouth squared and obtuse (Ref. 81260). Lips broad and fleshy; ventral margin of lower lip folded and fringed (Ref. 26738, 81260). Fine buccal dentition of slender, movably implanted, spatulate teeth, 25-45 in outer premaxillary row (Ref. 26738).
Smaller specimens primarily found between sunken pieces of trees near lake shore, while larger specimens are found at greater depth - between 3 and 8 m; feeds mainly on plants and small quantities of diatoms and insects (Ref. 52307). Pair-bonding, open (Ref. 52307) substrate brooder/spawner (Ref. 52307, 81260). Biparental species that constructs a nest at a depth between 1 and 5 m, usually on a muddy bottom; pit relatively large and normally surrounded by some smaller satellite pits; when threatened, females will often seek refuge in these pits while males tend to swim away to open water (Ref. 52307). Maximum size recorded is 8.7 cm TL (Ref. 5163).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dunz, A.R. and U.K. Schliewen, 2013. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of the haplotilapiine cichlid fishes formerly referred to as "Tilapia". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 68(1):64-80. (Ref. 93285)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00700 - 0.03275), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .