Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Thysochromis: Greek, thysis, -eos = impulsive + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060); 13°N - 3°N
Africa: from coastal basins in Ivory Coast (rivers Agnébi, Me, Bia, Comoé, Tano) to forested coastal lowlands in Nigeria (Ogun, Oshun, Niger delta, Ethiop, Calabar, Great Kwa and lower Cross) including the Ouémé in Benin (Ref. 53405, 81260). Also reported from Ogowe basin in Gabon (Ref. 81260). Reports from Kouilou-Niari in Republic of Congo (Ref. 81260) refer to Thysochromis emili (Ref. 122428).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 53405)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Pair-bonding, substrate brooder which spawns preferentially in caves or cave-like structures (Ref. 52307, 81260). Maximum TL was recorded at 12.0-13.0 cm (Ref. 5706).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Daget, J., 1991. Thysochromis. p. 480-481. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5706)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00853 - 0.02565), b=2.99 (2.85 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).