Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Bathysolea: Greek, bathys = deep + Latin, solea = sandal (shoe); refered to the flat shape of the fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Vaillant.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 1350 m (Ref. 26074), usually 200 - 600 m (Ref. 26074). Deep-water; 55°N - 17°S, 19°W - 16°E
Eastern Atlantic: southern Ireland to Angola; penetrated the Strait of Gibraltar without establishing widespread or abundant populations in the Mediterranean Sea. Reported from the Canary Islands (Ref. 5304), Sicily and Corsica (Ref. 4710).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4710)
Occurs on muddy bottoms of the continental slope (Ref. 2683). Feeds mainly on polychaetes and some amphipods (Ref. 4710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Desoutter, M. and F. Chapleau, 1997. Taxonomic status of Bathysolea profundicola and B. polli (Soleidae; Pleuronectiformes) with notes on the genus. Ichthyol. Res. 44(4):399-412. (Ref. 26074)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.7 - 14.4, mean 13.1 °C (based on 117 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00466 - 0.02049), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 54 [21, 144] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.567 [0.263, 1.280] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.2, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.184 [0.074, 0.419] g/100g ; Selenium = 14.6 [5.2, 39.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.05 [1.82, 43.21] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.686 [0.398, 1.185] mg/100g (wet weight);