Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Trichiuridae
(Cutlassfishes) > Lepidopinae
Etymology: Lepidopus: Greek, lepis = scale + Greek, pous = foot (Ref. 45335); manis: manis meaning ghost, or soul of the departed, in reference to the ghost-like appearance produced by the large eyes (Ref. 12696). More on authors: Rosenblatt & Wilson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Tropical; 4°N - 4°S, 94°W - 88°W (Ref. 6181)
Southeast Pacific: known only from Isla Isabela, Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 69.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6181)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 50. Dorsal head profile slightly convex, interorbital space slightly concave. Second anal-fin spine flat and plate-like. Pelvic spine reduced to 1 scale-like spine and 1 - 2 tiny rays. Color of body light tan, head uniformly brown.
Habitat is unknown (holotype found dead in a cove). Maximum standard length was recorded only from the holotype.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. (Ref. 6181)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00141 (0.00057 - 0.00350), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .