Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Amphiprioninae
Etymology: Amphiprion: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, prion, -onos = saw (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 3 - 25 m (Ref. 9710), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 23°N - 35°S
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar, Comoro Islands, Seychelles, Andaman Sea, Sumatra and the Seribu Islands (Java Sea). Not found in Maldives and Sri Lanka (Ref. 4391).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5911)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found in shallow inshore reef habitats, often in strong current zones to about 15 m depth (Ref. 48636). Are protandrous hermaphrodites (Ref. 55367). Each pair is monogamous (Ref. 55367). Each anemone with a large female, a smaller functional male and several stunted juveniles; with the removal of the female, the male changes sex and the largest of the juveniles develops into a functional male (Ref. 4391). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Associated with the anemones: Heteractis magnifica, and Stichodactyla mertensii (Ref. 5911). May be reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Benthic spawner. Sex reversal is completed in less than 63 days (Ref. 34185). Length at sex change = 7.2 cm TL (Ref. 55367). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 7471.
Allen, G.R., 1986. Pomacentridae. p. 670-682. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4391)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.6 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2542 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.31 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 96.4 [58.6, 192.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.833 [0.525, 1.269] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.8, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.155 [0.100, 0.235] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.3 [14.9, 44.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 100 [37, 273] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.87 [1.32, 2.63] mg/100g (wet weight);