Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Chlorurus: Greek, chloros = green + Greek oura = tail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 71 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands. Have recently been reported from Johnston and Midway islands (Ref. 28618, 28620). Forms a hybrid with Chlorurus sordidus documented with having intermediate color pattern, cheek scale count, and DNA analysis (Ref. 57558).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3921); max. published weight: 7.0 kg (Ref. 9710)
Inhabits clear lagoon and seaward reefs, from the intertidal to at least 45 m (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Protogynous (Ref. 55080).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Size at sex change: 44.1 - 49.8 cm TL (Ref. 55080).
Randall, J.E., 1985. Guide to Hawaiian reef fishes. Harrowood Books, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA. 74 p. (Ref. 3921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.7 - 25.4, mean 22.9 (based on 8 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .