Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Lepophidium: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Robins.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 46 - 186 m (Ref. 91765). Tropical; 18°N - 4°N, 88°W - 51°W (Ref. 91765)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean Sea, from Honduras to Trinidad and along the Atlantic Coast of northern South America, to at least as far as French Guiana.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91765); common length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 92 - 100;
Vertebrae: 62 - 66. Rostral spine long and curved, reaching tip of snout, without vertical basal component; peritoneum pale; no median basibranchial tooth patch; head extensively covered with imbricate rows of cycloid scales except for snout and throat; body tapering to point, dagger-shaped (Ref. 34024).
Uncommon species (Ref. 34024). Found on the continental shelf, on soft bottoms (Ref. 5217). Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205). Consumed fresh (Ref. 5217).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.H. Robins and M.E. Brown, 2012. A revision of Lepophidium (Teleoastei, Ophidiidae), with descriptions of eight new species. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 52(1):1-94. (Ref. 91765)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.3 - 26.2, mean 24 °C (based on 27 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00131 - 0.00577), b=3.16 (2.98 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 317 [181, 568] mg/100g ; Iron = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.4 [13.8, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.222 [0.126, 0.421] g/100g ; Selenium = 64.7 [33.9, 132.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.2 [9.4, 52.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.4 [1.0, 2.0] mg/100g (wet weight);