Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Diaphinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; non-migratory; depth range 90 - 1085 m (Ref. 56504), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 60°N - 58°S, 67°W - 153°W
Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Mauritania including western Mediterranean, but isolated specimens to Liberia and South Africa. Western Atlantic: USA to 22°N, and from Brazil to Argentina. Western Indian Ocean: between 0° and 30°S. Western Pacific: between 6°N and 39°N, New South Wales, Australia (Ref. 7300) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Oceanic and mesopelagic, found between 375-850 m during the day and between 90-850 m at night (Ref. 4066). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Depth range from 518-1085 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Reach sexual maturity at a length of 4,8 cm (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.8 - 17, mean 10.8 °C (based on 471 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00449 - 0.01852), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .