Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophinae
Etymology: Myctophum: Greek, mykter, -eros = nose + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lütken.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 600 m (Ref. 4479). Deep-water; 45°N - 36°S
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to the Angola Current. Western Atlantic: 45°N in the Gulf Stream to tropical waters. Also, recorded off La Plata river mouth. Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Canada to Florida (USA), Gulf of Mexico and southern Caribbean (Ref. 26938), round the Subtropical Convergence (Ref. 47377).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Ctenoid scales and upper part of opercle rounded (Ref. 26938).
High-oceanic, nyctoepipelagic at the surface and down to 275 m and found between 300-600 m during the day (Ref. 4479). Feeds on plankton (Ref. 26938). Females reach sexual maturity at 4.2 cm (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.1 - 24.7, mean 16.8 (based on 373 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .