Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Ancistrus: Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335); maximus: From the latin adjective maximus, meaning the largest, in reference to the off-the-chart size of this species (Ref. 103398).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America, Brazil
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 103398)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Diagnosis: Ancistrus maximus is distinguished from all congeners, except A. dolichopterus, A. fulvus and A. latifrons, by having more branched rays in the dorsal fin (8 vs. 7); Ancistrus maximus is distinguished from A. dolichopterus by its color pattern, overall body color dark brown with reddish-orange spots almost half the size of pupil in adults and with reddish-orange bands on distal portion of dorsal and caudal fins only in juveniles vs. overall body color black or dark-gray with numerous white dots and with white band on distal portion of dorsal and caudal fins throughout life; Ancistrus maximus differs from A. latifrons by the absence of hypertrophied ('spiny') odontodes in lateral plates (vs. presence of elongate and strong 'spiny' odontodes laterally oriented in A. latifrons); Ancistrus maximus differs from A. fulvus by dorsal-spine length 27.9-34.5 % SL (vs. 25.7); pectoral-spine length 30.7-42.6 % SL (vs. 26.6) and by total lateral median plates 24-25 (vs. 22) (Ref. 103398).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
de Oliveira, R.R., J. Zuanon, C.H. Zawadszki and L.R. Py-Daniel, 2015. Ancistrus maximus, a new species of red-dotted armored catfish from rio Branco, Roraima State, Brazilian Amazon (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 26(1):73-82. (Ref. 103398)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00369 - 0.01635), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .