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Zanobatus maculatus  Séret, 2016

Maculate panray
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Zanobatus maculatus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes) > Platyrhininae
Etymology: maculatus: Name from Latin 'macula' for spotted; referring to its blotched colour pattern.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 116736).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea, from Ivory Coast to Gabon,.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116736)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from its congener (Zanobatus schoenleinii) by the following combination of characters: dorsal surface of disc is brownish to reddish brown, with numerous dark brown blotches, and sometimes surrounded by a network of whitish dots; the ventral surface of disc is pale creamy white or orange-brown, with conspicuous dark brown posterolateral margins; the crown of dermal denticles of dorsal surface spearhead-shaped; dorsal surface with enlarged thorny denticles are more numerous and stronger, in parallel rows on trunk and in concentric semi-circular rows on pectoral fins; tooth rows in upper jaw 54-64 ; predorsal vertebrae 36-44 (mode 39) (Ref. 116736).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Lives mostly on sandy bottoms (Ref. 116736).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Séret, B., 2016. Zanobatus maculatus, a new species of panray from the Gulf of Guinea, eastern central Atlantic (Elasmobranchii: Batoidea: Zanobatidae). Zootaxa 4161 (4):509-522. (Ref. 116736)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .