Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Chaetodontidae
Etymology: rumsfeldi: Named for Donald Rumsfeld.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 100 - 130 m (Ref. 116443). Tropical
Western Pacific: Philippines.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116443)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: less number of pored scales in the lateral line (27 vs. 37-46); longer snout (35.9% in HL vs. 28.2-35.5%); shorter first dorsal ray (12% in SL vs. 16.6-26.6%); longer caudal peduncle (8.5% in SL vs. 4.2-8.2%); shorter caudal fin (15.9% in SL vs. 19.8-25.9%); with a dark brown pelvic-fin spine (vs. white) (Ref. 116443).
Areas of collection vary from sheltered rocky outcroppings which are heavily covered by fine sediment to areas exposed to strong currents. Ambient seawater temperature varied between 19 and 21°C during dives conducted in April-May over several years. Azooxanthellate gorgonians, black corals, and solitary stony corals were the most abundant benthic invertebrates in this area (Ref. 116443).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rocha, L.A., H.T. Pinheiro, M. Wandell, C.R. Rocha and B. Shepherd, 2017. Roa rumsfeldi, a new butterflyfish (Teleostei, Chaetodontidae) from mesophotic coral ecosystems of the Philippines. ZooKeys 709:127-134. (Ref. 116443)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01072 - 0.04464), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .