Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Diplodus: Greek, diploos = twice + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); levantinus: Namerefers to the Levant, a historical name for the coasts of the eastern Mediterranean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 110175). Subtropical; 34°N - 32°N, 34°E - 35°E (Ref. 110175)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Mediterranean: Israel.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 110175)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 11 - 12;
soft rays: 11 - 13;
Vertebrae: 23. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D XI-XII,10-16; A III,11-13; pectoral fin rays 15-17; gill rakers on first gill arch 6-9 + 8-12; upper and lower jaws with a single row of 4 incisors on each side, followed by molariform teeth, total of 16-19 in the upper jaw and 12-14 in the lower jaw, with the molariforms of the upper jaw separated from the incisors by a wide gap; in adults, sides of the body with 8 vertical bars of equal width, also present even in large adults, followed by a broad bar on caudal peduncle, which usually nearly reaches the ventral margin of the caudal peduncle (Ref. 110175).
Found from shallow water to 50 m depth, usually on sand bottom near rocks; while juveniles are found above sandy substrate near rocks at depths of 0.2-2 m (Ref. 110175).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fricke, R., D. Golani and B. Appelbaum-Golani, 2016. Diplodus levantinus (Teleostei: Sparidae), a new species of sea bream from the southeastern Mediterranean Sea of Israel, with a checklist and a key to the species of the Diplodus sargus species group. Scientia Marina 80(3):1-16. (Ref. 110175)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.01073 - 0.04890), b=2.94 (2.76 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .