Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypancistrus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335); margaritatus: The specific epithet is Latin for 'adorned with pearls,' in reference to the dense white spots on the body.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: Takutu River, a tributary of the Rio Branco, Rio Negro drainage, Amazon basin in Guyana.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114591)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Hypancistrus margaritatus differs from all other species of Hypancistrus by its color pattern consisting of dense, small, light-colored spots on a dark base color (vs. color pattern of light spots on a dark base color in H. inspec¬tor, H. lunaorum, and H. contradens). This species has consistently-sized spots on head and trunk about the size of the nasal aperture (vs. smaller spots on head than trunk in H. inspector, spots usually smaller than half the nasal diameter in H. lunaorum, and spots ranging in size from equal to or larger in diameter of nasal aper¬ture in H. contradens); has more spots, 23 in a lateral, horizontal series from snout tip to base of caudal peduncle 23 in holotype (vs. 8-20 spots in H. contradens; 8-16 in H. lunaorum); and has more densely-packed spots relative to H. lunaorum, with spots on lateral surface of the body having a minimum interspot to spot diameter ratio ranging from 1.0-1.6 (vs. 1.9-4.4 in H. lunaorum) (Ref. 114591).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tan, M. and J.W. Armbruster, 2016. Two new species of spotted Hypancistrus from the Rio Negro drainage (Loricariidae, Hypostominae). ZooKeys 552:123-135. (Ref. 114591)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00448 - 0.02446), b=3.04 (2.83 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .