Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Neoplecostominae
Etymology: Neoplecostomus: Greek, neos = new + Greek, plekos,-eos = twisted (Ref. 45335); doceensis: The specific name is a Latin noun which means being located or having connection with the rio Doce basin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Rio Doce Basin in Minas Gerais State, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106072)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Neoplecostomus doceensis can be distinguished from all its congeners by the presence of enlarged, fleshy folds between dentaries in all specimens, more evident in mature males (vs. absence of the enlarged fleshy folds). It also differs from all congeners by the presence of two or three series of well-developed papillae anterior to premaxillary teeth (vs. papillae poorly developed or absent). Other characters useful for its identification from other congeners include: presence of a fully-developed adipose fin (vs. lacking or reduced adipose fin in N. botucatu and N. paranensis); moderately-sized odontodes along lateral margins of snout and snout without swollen skin in mature males (vs. presence of large-sized odontodes surrounded by swollen skin along lateral margins of snout in mature males of N. selenae); a well-developed dorsal-fin spinelet, wider than dorsal-fin spine base (vs. absent or narrower than dorsal-fin spine base in N. franciscoensis and N. ribeirensis); 12-35 dentary teeth (vs. 5-12 in N. microps and 7 in N. variipictus); 25-29 lateral-line plates (vs. 34-43 in N. granosus); presence of a developed membrane on the dorsal portion of the first, second and third pelvic-fin branched rays (vs. absence in N. langeanii) (Ref. 106072).
Inhabits clear water rivers, varying from small to medium sized, with rocky outcrops forming small waterfalls and substrates of rocks and sand. Occurs at the bottom of the rivers among the rocks (Ref. 106072).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roxo, F.F., G.S.C. Silva, C.H. Zawadzki and C. Oliveira, 2014. Neoplecostomus doceensis: a new loricariid species (Teleostei, Siluriformes) from the rio Doce basin and comments about its putative origin. ZooKeys 440:115-127. (Ref. 106072)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00174 - 0.01147), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .