Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Otothyrinae
Etymology: Curculionichthys: Derived from the from the Latin 'curculionem' (elongated snout) and from the Greek 'ichthys' (fishes), in reference to the relatively elongated snouts of the fish species included in this genus.; oliveirai: Named for professor Claudio Oliveira from the Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo State, in recognition of his dedication and contributions to the studies of Neotropical freshwater fishes. A noun in the genitive case (Ref. 95507).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: tributaries of the rio Ivaí (Ribeirão Salto Grande, ribeirão Keller, rio Mourão, and ribeirão Cambira) in the upper rio Paraná basin, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106073); 3.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6;
Vertebrae: 27. Hisonotus oliveirai is diagnosed from all species ofHisonotus, except H. insperatus, H. luteofrenatus and H. paresi, by having odontodes forming longitudinally aligned rows (one odontode after the other, but not necessarily forming parallel series) on head and trunk (vs. odontodes not forming longitudinally aligned rows). It differs also from all congeners except H. insperatus, H. luteofrenatus, H. paresi, and H. piracanjuba, by the possession of a pair of rostral plates at the tip of the snout (vs. a single rostral plate). In addition, it further differs from all congeners except H. bockmanni, H. chromodontus, H. insperatus, H. luteofrenatus, and H. paresi by having a functional v-shaped spinelet (vs. spinelet non-functional, square-shaped, or absent). It can be separated from H. bockmanni and H. paresi by lacking contrasting dark geometric spots on the anterodorsal region of the body (vs. presence); from H. insperatus by having small, inconspicuous odontodes forming rows on the head and trunk (vs. large, conspicuous odontodes forming rows on the head and the trunk), head depth 51.6?59.2% HL (vs. 44.3?48.7% HL) and suborbital depth 20.9?25.5% HL (vs. 16.6?20.1% HL); from H. luteofrenatus by having caudal peduncle depth 10.8?12.5% SL (vs. 8.9?10.2% SL) and snout length 46.9?52.2% HL (vs. 67.0?75.3% HL); from H. paresi by a having head depth 51.6?59.2% HL (vs. 42.4?47.7% HL), 11-18 premaxillary teeth (vs. 6?10), and 11-15 dentary teeth (vs. 4?7); from H. piracanjuba by having caudal peduncle depth 10.8?12.5% SL (vs. 8.3?9.5% SL), and snout length 46.9?52.2% HL (vs. 67.7?72.7% HL) (Ref. 95507).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roxo, F.F., G.S.C. Silva, L.E. Ochoa and C. Oliveira, 2015. Description of a new genus and three new species of Otothyrinae (Siluriformes, Loricariidae). Zookeys 534:103-134. (Ref. 113800)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .