Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Trichomycteridae
(Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: Ituglanis: Greek, itys, ityos = circle + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335); apteryx: Drived from the Greek a, meaning without, and pteryx, meaning fin, in reference to the absence of pelvic fins in this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Rio Curuá, Rio Xingu basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95610)
Morphology | Morphometrics
The lack of pelvic fins, girdle, and muscles separates this species from all congeners, except some of specimens of Ituglanis parahybae. Can be diagnosed from I. parahybae by the following characters: presence of a supraorbital laterosensory canal with pores s1, s3, and s6 (vs. entire supraorbital canal lacking); absence of a posterior cranial fontanel ( vs. presence); six branchiostegal rays (vs. eight); two pair of ribs (vs. six); 43-45 post-Weberian vertebrae (vs. 38); 27 predorsal post-Weberian vertebrae (vs. 22); and presence of an epural (vs. absence) (Ref. 95610).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Datovo, A., 2014. A new species of Ituglanis from Rio Xingu basin, Brazil, and the evolution of pelvic fin loss in trichomycterid catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae). Zootaxa 3790(3):466-476. (Ref. 95610)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00160 - 0.01085), b=3.09 (2.86 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .