Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Lepophidium: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335); gilmorei: Named for Grant Gilmore.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 60 - 124 m (Ref. 91765). Tropical; 35°N - 10°N, 88°W - 65°W (Ref. 91765)
Western Atlantic: northeastern Gulf of Mexico (off Florida), the southeastern coast of the US (off South Carolina), the Bahamas (New Providence I.), Venezuela, and Grenada.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91765)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 95 - 101;
Vertebrae: 65 - 67. This species is distinguished from its congeners on the basis of vertebral counts; from Lepophidium aporrhox by dorsal rays (117-122 vs. 106-115); from L. aporrhox and L. microlepis by total gill arch elements (8-9 vs. 17-22 and 10-15, respectively); from L. microlepis by average orbit diameter as a percentage of head length (30.4% vs. 23.7%); from L. collettei by the average number of caeca (3.2 vs. 5.4), total gill raker elements (8-9 vs. 12-17), dorsal fin origin (between neural spines 3-4 vs. between 4-5 and 5-6), as well as averages of orbit diameter, body depth at origin of anal fin, predorsal distance, and lateral line length; similar to L. crossotum in number of vertebrae (Ref. 91765).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.H. Robins and M.E. Brown, 2012. A revision of Lepophidium (Teleoastei, Ophidiidae), with descriptions of eight new species. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 52(1):1-94. (Ref. 91765)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.6 - 26.5, mean 25.2 °C (based on 11 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .